By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.


The transverse abdominis is the deepest abdominal muscle extending across the abdomen in a horizontal direction.


Inguinal ligament, iliac crest, costal cartilages of the lower 6 ribs.


Abdominal aponeurosis and linear alba.


The transverse abdominis belongs to the following muscle groups:

Spinal joint flexors (helping).


Abdominal crunches, bent knee situps, reverse curl ups.

CASE […]

By |January 25th, 2019|Anatomy, Forensic Analysis, Muscle Profiling|

Muscles of the Shoulder Joint Anterior: Profiling Muscles for Fitness Trainers 3 – The Coracobrachialis

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.



The coracobrachialis is a small muscle located across the front of the shoulder and runs in a similar direction to the short head of the biceps. It is found between the anterior deltoid and pectoralis major.


Coracoid process


Middle one third of the medial surface of the humerus.


The […]

By |January 21st, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Muscles of the Shoulder Joint Anterior: Profiling Muscles for Fitness Trainers (2) – The Deltoid

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.


The deltoid is a large hooded multipennate muscle on the lateral aspect of the shoulder giving it a rounded appearance. It consists of three parts, an anterior, middle and a posterior.


Lateral one third clavicle, acromion process and the spine of the scapula.


Deltoid tuberosity.


The deltoid belongs to the […]

By |January 14th, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Muscles of the Shoulder Joint Anterior: Profiling Muscles for Fitness Trainers Part 1 – The Pectoralis Major

Article by Dr Paul Batman, PhD. 

The pectoralis major is a multi pennate muscle that is fan shaped in appearance and twists on itself at its insertion. The pectoralis major consists of 2 separate parts, a clavicular and sternal portion. The sternal part twists 180 degrees on its insertion.


Medial half of the clavicle, sternum and first […]

By |December 11th, 2018|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Why Therapy Exercise?

Article by Gill Cummings-Bell BA (Hon’s) M.Sc. PGCE. MBA
Why Therapy Exercise?

 The key area for any therapy exercise is to be able to identify how exercise relates to the condition presented. Exercise therapists must have the skill to observe technique closely and be able to understand dysfunctional movement patterns caused by poor posture, musculo-skeletal injury or […]

By |September 25th, 2018|Anatomy, Article, Physiology|

Training Tempo & Technique

Article by the Drummond Team

People getting active, being in the great outdoors and training is amazing. People who move actively or exercise lose weight, feel great and don’t get injured. Right?

Wrong…. many people who train who are muscularly weak, or are technically inexperienced and train without guidance, may perform movements incorrectly through poor or incorrect […]

By |May 30th, 2018|Anatomy, Article|

Poor Micro Control and Compensatory Movement Patterns

Article by the Drummond Team
‘Brace the Core’ or ‘Engage the Core’ has almost become a mantra chant in the fitness industry. As an exercise therapist, I often wonder if it means anything at all to a client or class member and if they actually know how to control movement through micro control within the trunk. […]

By |March 14th, 2018|Anatomy, Article|

Running With Your Bottom! – Article By Alex Drummond

Running is an activity that relies on forward momentum to get us from A to B. In order to achieve this the main muscular driving force should come from the Gluteus Maximus (glutes) with assistance from the hamstring muscles.
The Problem
More often than not the glutes do not work properly and the driving force comes from […]

By |December 20th, 2016|Anatomy, Article|

Fascia, Flexibility & Function

Article by Arran Nicholson B.Sc (Hon’s) GSR
I’m going to assume that most of you with some involvement in the sport, health and fitness industry will have spent a fair few hours studying your human anatomy for exams in the past.

You may also have found that no matter how many anatomy books you studied, nothing quite prepares […]

By |April 16th, 2014|Anatomy, Article|