Anatomy

The Fabella – the come-back of a once “trivial” bone!

Article by the Drummond Team

This tiny bone (the name actually means “little bean” – and is a sesamoid bone from the Latin meaning Sesame seed) sits in the tendon behind the knee, and has been linked to arthritis. It used to be rare in humans, but recent research from the Imperial College London has discovered […]

By |April 24th, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Lifestyle|

Profiling Muscles Series – Part 8: Muscles of the shoulder joint posterior for Fitness Trainers – The Supraspinatus

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.

MUSCLE: SUPRASPINATUS

DESCRIPTION:

The supraspinatus is a small but powerful muscle situated on the top of the scapula and partially covered by the trapezius and the deltoid.

ORIGIN:

Supraspinous fossa of the scapula.

INSERTION:

Top of the greater tubercle and capsule of the shoulder joint.

MUSCLE GROUPS:

The supraspinatus belongs to the following muscle groups:

Shoulder […]

By |March 7th, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Profiling Muscles Part 7: Muscles of the shoulder joint posterior for Fitness Trainers – The Subscapularis

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.

MUSCLE: SUBSCAPULARIS

DESCRIPTION:

The subscapularis is  named according to its position on the scapula. It runs in front of the scapula across the chest wall and attaches on the front of the humerus. Its tendon merges with the joint capsule of the shoulder joint  and helps stabilize it.

ORIGIN:

Subscapular fossa on the […]

By |February 28th, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Profiling Muscles Part 6: Muscles of the shoulder joint posterior for Fitness Trainers – The Teres Minor and Infraspinatus

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.

MUSCLE: TERES MINOR and INFRASPINATUS

DESCRIPTION:

The teres minor is strongly linked with the infraspinatus and is located on the posterior aspect of the scapula. Both these muscles work together to produce the same actions at the shoulder joint.

ORIGIN:

Infraspinous fossa and lateral border of the scapula.

INSERTION:

Lateral posterior surface of the greater tubercle and […]

By |February 18th, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Profiling Muscles Part 5 – Muscles of the shoulder joint posterior for Fitness Trainers – The Teres Major

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.

MUSCLE: TERES MAJOR

DESCRIPTION:

The teres major is a small round muscle that runs in the same direction as the latissimus dorsi and is often referred to as the “Lats little helper”.

ORIGIN:

Lower one third lateral border of the scapula.

INSERTION:

Medial lip bicipital groove of the humerus.

MUSCLE GROUPS:

The teres major […]

By |January 31st, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Profiling Muscles Part 4: Muscles of the shoulder joint posterior for Fitness Trainers – The Latissimus Dorsi

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.https://drummondeducation.com/wp-admin/edit.php

MUSCLE: LATISSIMUS DORSI

DESCRIPTION:

The latissimus dorsi is a broad sheet of muscle commencing from a broad origin across the lower back converging to a small twisting insertion on the humerus.

ORIGIN:

Spinous processes of the lower 6 thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, sacral vertebrae, posterior iliac crest, lower 4 ribs and the inferior angle of […]

By |January 31st, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Profiling Muscles: TRANSVERSE ABDOMINIS

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.

DESCRIPTION:

The transverse abdominis is the deepest abdominal muscle extending across the abdomen in a horizontal direction.

ORIGIN:

Inguinal ligament, iliac crest, costal cartilages of the lower 6 ribs.

INSERTION:

Abdominal aponeurosis and linear alba.

MUSCLE GROUPS:

The transverse abdominis belongs to the following muscle groups:

Spinal joint flexors (helping).

STRENGTHENING EXERCISES:

Abdominal crunches, bent knee situps, reverse curl ups.

CASE […]

By |January 25th, 2019|Anatomy, Forensic Analysis, Muscle Profiling|

Muscles of the Shoulder Joint Anterior: Profiling Muscles for Fitness Trainers 3 – The Coracobrachialis

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.

MUSCLE: CORACOBRACHIALIS

DESCRIPTION:

The coracobrachialis is a small muscle located across the front of the shoulder and runs in a similar direction to the short head of the biceps. It is found between the anterior deltoid and pectoralis major.

ORIGIN:

Coracoid process

INSERTION:

Middle one third of the medial surface of the humerus.

MUSCLE GROUPS:

The […]

By |January 21st, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Muscles of the Shoulder Joint Anterior: Profiling Muscles for Fitness Trainers (2) – The Deltoid

By Dr Paul Batman, PhD.

DESCRIPTION:

The deltoid is a large hooded multipennate muscle on the lateral aspect of the shoulder giving it a rounded appearance. It consists of three parts, an anterior, middle and a posterior.

ORIGIN:

Lateral one third clavicle, acromion process and the spine of the scapula.

INSERTION:

Deltoid tuberosity.

MUSCLE GROUPS.

The deltoid belongs to the […]

By |January 14th, 2019|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|

Muscles of the Shoulder Joint Anterior: Profiling Muscles for Fitness Trainers Part 1 – The Pectoralis Major

Article by Dr Paul Batman, PhD. 

The pectoralis major is a multi pennate muscle that is fan shaped in appearance and twists on itself at its insertion. The pectoralis major consists of 2 separate parts, a clavicular and sternal portion. The sternal part twists 180 degrees on its insertion.

ORIGIN:

Medial half of the clavicle, sternum and first […]

By |December 11th, 2018|Anatomy, Article, Muscle Profiling|